Economic output from China's retail sector was 1.9 trillion yuan in 2012, representing 9% of output from the nation's tertiary sector and 3.7% of gross domestic product, according to an annual retail development report released by the Ministry of Commerce.

The following are data summaries of China's retail sector. "Large, medium, small and micro" refer to the size of retail companies.

Number of retail companies as of end of 2012
Large and medium: 22,200; +6.7%
Small and micro: 23.52 million; +6%
Total: 23.54 million: +6%

Retail sales revenue, 2012
Large and medium: 6.66 trillion yuan; +13.8%
Small and micro: 9.51 trillion yuan; +14.4%
Total: 16.17 trillion yuan; +14.1%

Retail workers as of end of 2012
Large and medium: 4.68 million; +3%
Small and micro: 56.66 million; +4.3%
Total: 61.34 trillion; +4.2%

Retail floor space as of end of 2012
Large and medium: 234 million square meters; +14.7%
Small and micro: 526 million square meters; +4%
Total: 750 million square meters; +7%

Profit growth, 2012
Large: +3.8%
Medium: -0.6%
Small and micro: +0.6%
Total: +3.6%

Operating efficiency, 2012
Large: 14,590 yuan/square meter
Medium: 8,201 yuan/square meter
Total: 13,855 yuan/square meter; 845,394 yuan/worker

Breakdown of sales revenue by retailing type, 2012
Specialty stores: 37%
Outlets: 21%
Department stores: 14%
Supermarkets: 11%
Hypermarkets: 9%
Convenience stores: 2%

Breakdown of floor space by retailing type, 2012
Specialty stores: 38%
Department stores: 21%
Outlets: 17%
Supermarkets: 9%
Hypermarkets: 9%
Convenience stores: 3%

Breakdown of workers by retailing type, 2012
Specialty stores: 40%
Outlets: 19%
Department stores: 11%
Supermarkets: 11%
Hypermarkets: 8%
Convenience stores: 4%

Operating efficiency by retailing type, 2012
Specialty stores: 21,001 yuan/square meter
Outlets: 22,876 yuan/square meter; 1,178,184 yuan/worker
Department stores: 1,167,598 yuan/worker
Supermarkets: 9,631 yuan/square meter; 379,845 yuan/worker
Convenience stores: 353,438 yuan/worker

The top 100 retail chain operators were responsible for 9% of total retail sales in 2012, down 2.2 percentage points from 2011. It was the first decline since 2003.

The growth rates of the top 100 retail chain operators' new store openings and revenues from tier-1 and tier-2 cities were 2% and 6% respectively in 2012, much slower than the 17% and 18% in smaller cities.

Online retail sales rose 67.5% to 1.31 trillion yuan in 2012, or 6.2% of total retail sales. The percentage was up almost 2 percentage points from 2011.

The number of e-commerce companies rose 19.9% to 24,875 in 2012.

The retail sector attracted $1.91 billion in foreign direct investment in 2012, up 5.5% from 2011. Foreign retailers saw their combined revenue rise 6% in China in 2012, with them responsible for 35% of total sales of fast moving consumer goods.

Operating costs of the major retail companies were up 8.3% in 2012, where operating costs of convenience stores, outlets, supermarkets and department stores were up 17.2%, 12.8%, 11.8% and 9.9% respectively.

Rental costs of the major retail companies were up 17.5% in 2012.

Retail sales are expected to reach 32 trillion yuan in 2015. The figure was 20.72 trillion yuan in 2012.

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